Integrating Flex and Data Management Services with a Bpel process – What about Typed Collections?

As you can remember we’re working out a flex application using Data Management Services and Flex for the client-side and Bpel at server side.

During development I ran into a blocking issue regarding using typed collections in my ActionScript objects.

Why would I use Typed Arguments, Typed Collections or Typed Arrays ?
My bpel process is using a Global Business Object (GBO), an XML Schema Definition, that defines the entire structure of the business objects I will need in the dossier management lifecycle. The bpel process will be cut pu into different sub processes which will define the needed process lifecycle for the dossier management system we’re building.

Of course this kind of business functionality will be handling master-detail data, e.g. a dossier has dossier_members and dossier_members have address_information.

If we create a web service proxy client for our bpel process, the different objects used in this process will be defined as Java Objects. The hierarchical structure of the dossier-element or – object will be defined in the following manner:

public class Dossier implements {
protected int id;
protected dosMembersCollection;

public class DossierMembersCollection implements
protected[] dossierMember;

The ActionScript Objects I defined for these server side objects :

class Dossier
public var id:int;
public var dosMembersCollection:DossierMembersCollection;

public class DossierMembersCollection
public var dossierMembers:ArrayCollection;

The exception I run into :

ArgumentError: Error #2004: One of the parameters is invalid. at

What does this mean?
In order for this to work, you need to serialize, you’d need to override both the readExternal and writeExternal methods on both the client and server to take of the serialization of the typed collections yourself.

Practical Approach:

  • Implement the Externalizable Interface at Client- and Server-side
  • Overwrite the readExternal()- and writeExternal()-method in both your client and server classes which match (i.e. the read methods exactly match the write methods on both client and server). You need to serialize your fields as well as the source field of the ArrayCollection (it is an Array).

Take care of serialization and deserialization at server-side, use Externalizable Interface:

public class DossierMembersCollection implements ,
Externalizable { protected[] dossierMembers;

public DossierMembersCollection() { }

/*** Deserializes the client state of an instance of dossierMembers. */ public void readExternal(ObjectInput in) throws IOException,
ClassNotFoundException {
System.out.println(“Receiving array ———————–”);
Object[] obj2 = (Object[]) in.readObject();
System.out.println(“Read input array obj2 ———————–”);

if (obj2 != null) {
DossierMembers[] dossierMembers = new DossierMembers[obj2.length];
System.out.println(“Initialized dossierMembers———————–”);
loop over the object array and cast the Object-classes to your custom class.
System.out.println(“Looping over array ———————–”); dossierMembers[i] = (DossierMembers) obj2[i];

System.out.println(“DossierMembers: ” + dossierMembers[i].toString());

System.out.println(“Receiving array DONE ————————”); }

/*** Serializes the server state of an instance of dossierMembers. */

public void writeExternal(ObjectOutput out) throws IOException { out.writeObject(dossierMembers); }

Take care of serialization and deserialization at client-side:


[RemoteClass alias="")]

public class DossierMembersCollection implements IExternalizable {

public var dossierMembers:ArrayCollection;

public function readExternal(input:IDataInput):void {
trace(“***********Reading dossierMembers”);
var array:Array = input.readObject() as Array;
if (array!=null) {
trace(“****Array received”);
dossierMembers = new ArrayCollection();
Loop over the array and add the arrayElements as typed objects to your collection in the following way:

dossierMembers.addItem(array.pop() as DossierMembers);

trace(“**Number of dossierMembers : ” + dossierMembers.length); }

public function writeExternal(output:IDataOutput):void {

trace(“Write ArrayCollection dossierMembers to array”);

var array:Array = new Array();

loop over object-array and add array-items to the collection: {


trace(dossierMembers.getItemAt(i).toString()); }

output.writeObject(array); trace(“Done”); } }

If you get random errors there will propbably be a mismatch between server- and client-side objects. The two approaches you can use are: print statements or stopping in your read/write external methods in the debugger. Step through actionscript classes and Java classes using Flex Debugging mode, so you can ensure that you are reading exactly what you are writing.

Hopefully this will help a lot of people facing the same issues regarding typed objects in an Adobe Flex Environment.

Oracle Open World – Let’s present some Use Cases

One week to go until Oracle Open World kicks of and it will be my 1st attendance, and to be honnest I’m pretty nervous ;o)

The last few weeks I’ve been trying to integrate my oracle bpel processes with a Flex User Interface, and with success … which means I have new material to discuss with the SOA Community.

The case I would like to discuss with the different fusion regional directors, ace’s and of course the product team will hold following topics (already explained on this blog):
- Use Case: Migrate existing Excel data using Oracle Data Integrator
- Use Case: Analyse Business processes using BPA Suite and BPM processes and generate bpel blue print using bpa suite
- Use Case: integrate Flex User Interface with existing Bpel Processes using Web Service Proxy Clients for the middletier

These are the 3 different approaches I’ve used so far for an existing customer, trying to evaluate BPA Suite and ODI using a real-time case and implemting a business process driven application using bpel & flex.

I’m really looking forward to the discussions to exchange experience & expertise !

See you there!

Join Me at Oracle OpenWorld Connect!

Changing the default password ‘welcome1′ of Oracle Bpel Process Manager

When you’re installing Oracle Software you always need to specify username and password settings for the administrator-profile, such as for Oracle Application Server or Oracle Database.

The same applies when installing Oracle SOA Suite or Oracle Bpel Process Manager Option on Oracle Application Server Entprise Edition.

But there’s a catch here, you need to use the default password ‘welcome1′ when installing Oracle Bpel Process Manager to make sure the default processes for the Worklist Application are deployed succesfully.

The samples provided with Oracle Bpel Process Manager still need to be updated to be able to run them, because the default password ‘welcome1′ is used in the configuration files.

After the Oracle Bpel Process Manager has been installed you can update the administrator-password by performing the following steps:

  • Go to Enterprise Manager of your Oracle SOA Suite or Application Server installation
  • Click on the setup-link on top of the Application Server Control to update the password of the IAS Administrator account, which is ‘oc4jadmin’

  • To change the password of the Bpel-admin users, you need to navigate back to the home page of your Enterprise Manager and click on the OC4J instance which is created for your Bpel Process Manager. Click on the ‘administration’ tab of your OC4J instance

  • Click on the ‘Security Providers’ Task in the Administration Tasks

  • Click on the ‘Instance Level Security’ Button to be able to identify the used realms by the oC4j instance and the defined users and roles in this realm.

  • Click on the Second Tab in this screen to have a look at the used realms by this OC4J instance. The default realm installed is the ‘’ realm. You can add other realms or modify the existing one.

  • To change the passwords of the admin-users you need to click on the Users-link which is shown for the given realm ‘’. In this screen you can then look-up the bpel-admin users and change the default passwords. The admin-users used by bpel are the ‘oc4jadmin’ and ‘bpeladmin’-user.

How to Integrate Bpel Processes with a User Interface

There are different ways to call/instantiate bpel processes from a front-end application.
Depending on the customers’ knowledge and expertise the choice between the different solutions can be made accordingly.

In this blog-post I will explain some of these options in short:

  • Call Bpel Process from Java-Code:

String input = “1450″;

// Here you need to define the request-operation of your bpel process

String xml =

Locator Locator locator = new Locator(“default”,”bpel”);
IDeliveryService deliveryService = (IDeliveryService)locator.lookupService(IDeliveryService.SERVICE_NAME);

// construct the normalized message and send to Oracle BPEL Process Manager
NormalizedMessage nm = new NormalizedMessage();
nm.addPart(“payload”, xml );“AsyncLoanFlow”, “initiate”, nm);

  • Call Bpel Process from your User Interface (JSP, JSPX, JSF, …):

This means you need to define the same code as defined in the above java-sample
in a jsp-script tag.

  • Use the Databinding layer of ADF Faces to integrate the Faces Application with your Bpel Process:
  1. Create BPEL WebService DataControl defined on the WSDL-endpoint of the BPEL Process

  2. Create new JSF JSP page
  3. Drag & Drop UI Components based on DataControl
  4. Run
  • Define a Web Service Proxy on your deployed Bpel process:

  1. Create WebService Proxy defined on the WSDL-endpoint of the BPEL Process

  2. Create new JSF JSP page
  3. Call the Web Service Proxy Service from your backing-bean code to initialize the deployed bpel process. Bind this method to the submit/invoke/initiate-button when you want to call the bpel process.
  4. Run

Other options can be explored as well, but these are the most common ones to think of.

Tips & Tricks when working with Oracle BPEL

Today I was planning to rapidly demo the features of the DB Adapters in Bpel with a small test-case where master-detail data needs to be inserted … But I already ran into strange behaviour.

In this blog-posts I want to give the audience some valuable tips & tricks for common ‘problems’ faced when designing and deploying bpel processes.

  • Problem: Soa Suite Crashes when instantiating Simple Oracle Bpel Process with following exception ‘java.lang.Exception: Failed to create “java:comp/env/ejb/local/CubeEngineLocalBean” bean; exception reported is: “javax.naming.NameNotFoundException: java:comp/env/ejb/local/CubeEngineLocalBean not found in DeliveryBean
  • Solution: In most cases this exception occurs when you’re desiging a bpel process with a newer version of Jdeveloper than the Oracle BPEL version you’re deploying to. In my case I was designing with Jdeveloper and deploying to Oracle Soa Suite The problem was solved when I worked with an earlier version of Jdeveloper, namely
  • Problem: ‘ORABPEL-11627: Mapping Not Found Exception’, when using DB Adapter in Bpel Process. I’m trying to insert master-detail data using a synchronous bpel process and the toplink mappings where all set. When I instantiate the bpel process I’m always running into the ORABPEL-11627 exception.
  • Solution: In my case this exception was thrown because I tried to assign my person-element to a personCollection variable. When I removed the assign-activity and added a transform-activity to map the one-element xsd file to the collection-element xsd file, the exception wasn’t thrown anymore. Note: When you work with the DB Adapter, the payload of the operation is always a collection-element, so you need to map your request- or inputVariable accordoingly by using a transform-activity.
  • Problem: Toplink warnings are shown when Db Adapter-partnerlink has been defined for inserting master-detail data. Some of the warnings shown: ‘Method accessors have not been selected.’
  • Solution: This is due to a JDeveloper bug in generating toplink mapping files. You will need to change the Toplink Mapping file for those Objects that use a Collection-attribute for master-detail data. Go to your toplink-mapping file, it will show up in the Structure window. Go to the Object that holds collection-elements, the Mapping for the collection-element will show up in the main screen. You will find that Use Method Accessing is selected yet there is no Get or Set methods defineds. Just unselect Use Method Accessing, save and rebuild. Note: When doing this you need to go through the DBAdapter-wizard again so the changes are reflected properly in all needed xml- and wsdl-files. (Thanks to user: Hongdo on the Bpel-forum on OTN, for sharing this with the community !)
  • Problem: Use db-sequences when trying to insert master-detail data using one insert-operation defined through a DBAdapter-partnerlink.
  • Solution: Define the master- and detail-tables properly in the DB Adapter-wizard, make sure to define the master-table correctly so the relationships are properly read and defined by Toplink. In the generated Toplink Mapping File you need to define you want to use ‘native sequencing’ and you need to make sure the ‘pre-allocation’ size matches the increment of your DB Sequence. By default the pre-allocation size is set to 50, which probably needs to be updated to 1. The next step is to define sequencing option for both master- and detail-data on the different POJO’s. There you need to specify the database sequence to use for each primary key field you want to populate.

I’ll keep you posted when I encounter more issues in defining, deploying and running bpel processes.

Securing an ESB Service using OWSM

Recently I was organizing a seminar regarding Oracle Soa Suite and the focus lied on Securing web services and integration.

In my demo I wanted to show the different features of BPEL, ESB and OWSM and of course the ease of integration of these different technologies.

The ame was to secure as well existing web services as the ESB services itself which are called inside my bpel processes.

In this way I can call stand-alone BPEL processes, ESB services and web services or integrate these technologies with eachother when required.

The difficulty of this exercise lies in calling secured soap services inside an ESB Service. Using a gateway we can secure the ESB Services and BPEL Processes used throughout the organization. The external webservices we need to integrate with are secured as well, and these security requirements need to be met by the calling service, which in our case is an existing BPEL Process or an ESB Service.

First lets have a look on how to call a secured external webservice, a partnerlink, in a bpel process. The webservice expects user-credentials to be able to call the webservice, these credentials can be added to the secured webservice using by editing the partnerlink.

Go to the partnerlink and click ‘edit’, go to the 3d tab which is the ‘Property’ tab and add the needed parameters to your webservice call. These parameters will define that credentials are added to the header of the web service call and the username and password which are required in this header. The properties you need to add are shown in the printscreen, for each property you need to define the proper values.
Such as for the wsseHeaders property, you need to define ‘credentials’ to state that the header will contain user credentials. This is standard web service security we’re using.

To be able to add these same credentials to the external web service, which is invoked from an ESB Service now, we need to come up with another solution. In the demo the same integration exercise is defined, once integration of external web service with BPEL and once through integration of ESB Routing Service with a SOAP Service. The only difficulty in the ESB Service is, that we can’t add these properties in a declarative way to the ESB Service. Instead we need to work with transformations to be able to add the credentials to the SOAP Service call.
How can we accomplish this, by adding parameters to the xsl-stylesheet which is used to transform the call that’s being made to the SOAP Service.

Have a look at the screenshot below to have a clear view on the needed parameters to add to the SOAP Service using an xsl-stylesheet in the transformation-property of our ESB Routing Service.

Errors when trying to invoke an ESB Service from BPEL or UI

When you try to invoke an ESB Service from a BPEL Process or from an ADF application you can run into the following error/exception:

Error happened when reading wsdl at “http://localhost:8888/esb/wsil/Fulfillment/OrderFulfillment?wsdl&#8221;, because “Failed to read wsdl file at: “http://localhost:8888/esb/wsil/Fulfillment/OrderFulfillment?wsdl&#8221;, caused by: : connect: Address is invalid on local machine, or port is not valid on remote machine”.

What does this error mean, and how can you solve it?
When the Bpel Process or UI tries to access the ESB Service but can’t find the webservice or wsdl these exceptions will be thrown. The first step to perform is to check the connection properties in your Esb Control such as shown in the screen below:

Make sure the VirtualHost and Port are defined correctly, afterwards you can check the Routing Service itself to make sure the endpoint is defined correctly.

Create a demo using EJB 3.0, Toplink and ADF as the UI layer and Bpel and ESB as the back-end layer (through web service invocation) – Episode 1

The case I worked out for my demo application is the following: Create a new person via the UI (using JSF and EJB3.0 as data-layer) and initiate a bpel process for the creation of the person. The bpel process will check if all business requirements were met for the person that needs to be created using Business Rules.
A human task was added to make sure the Personal Manager has approved the new person and finally an ESB was added to actually create the person.
The ESB will transform the person-object, an xml-file, to the specific format I need to be able to insert the person in my db.

During the creation of my demo-project I faced some design problems which I will explain in the following chapters:

The first part of the case was simple, create a UI using EJB 3.0 and ADF Faces using JDeveloper as my IDE.
The UI consists of a ListPersons.jspx – page that lists all existing persons of my persons-db and a link to the CreatePerson.jspx-page. In the CreatePerson.jspx page I will create a new Person and initiate the bpel process from here.

But it wasn’t as simple as I thought … to be able to initiate my bpel process using the EJB-objects I needed to prefetch the sequence-value needed for uniquely identifying the person-object, e.g. the Person.personid. This is needed because the bpel process needs all xml-tags to be filled in. If for example the personid, or firstname isn’t filled in you will get the following exception ‘unexpected null value for literal data’.

To be able to prefetch the id in my EJB i thought I could ‘eagerly fetch’ this id using an annotation in EJB 3.0, but there’s no such annotation available :(

What to do next … fetch the sequence value myself and populate the Person.personID with my sequence-value.

I’ve added a new method in my SessionBean that gets the sequence value from my db-sequence, this method is invoked from my custom-method ‘createPersonObject() which constitutes a valid person-object.

The custom-method to fetch the sequence-value uses the ‘createNativeQuery’-method on the EntityManager:

em.createNativeQuery(“select person_seq.nextval from dual”);

The UI now works correctly, using the createPersonObject()-method as binding-layer to go to the CreatePerson.jspx file.

Now I need to link my existing Bpel Process to this UI … coming up soon …